Research Tutorials


The term research has been defined in different ways by different authors in different forms, but to put the meaning of ‘research’ in a single sentence, it means, ‘finding an answer to a question’, the question can be of any form, it can arise from the research of a researcher, from the subject knowledge of an academician and the problems and challenges faced by a businessmen or a CEO or a manager, and from the personal experiences of a normal person. The quest to find answer for a question leads to the process of research. The purpose of finding an answer is different for different persons, but the basic objective should be aimed at benefiting the society at broader level. Be it a researcher, or an academician, or a businessmen or any other human being, should be able to contribute the knowledge obtained by the process of research for the benefit of the society.


The process of research is a way of finding a solution (answer) to a problem (question). It is defined based on the type of solution (answer) to be provided for a problem (question) facing by various stakeholders (the term stakeholder here used to refer to any kind of person who desires of finding a solution (answer) to a problem (question), major categories would be researchers from different fields, academicians, businessmen, students, and other institutional and non-institutional categories and rarely a common man). The type of solution (answer) that needs to be provided defines the type of research. All the problems (questions) are not unique and hence the solutions (answers). Therefore depending on various types of problems (questions) faced by the stakeholders, solutions (answers) varies and hence categorizing the research into different types.


For any type of problem, a solution can be provided either in the descriptive form or in a quantitative form. A descriptive form can also be termed as qualitative form, as it provides description about various aspects of a problem in a descriptive way. It provides information about the characteristics, features, or processes that would help to understand a given problem. It did not provide any representation in the form of numerical figures or it did not use any symbols in concluding the observations or the facts related to a problem.

On the other hand, the quantitative form of providing solution to a problem uses numerical figures or symbols to conclude the facts and information and to provide a solution to a problem. Hence, it can be concluded that the basic forms of research would be either descriptive or qualitative (the term qualitative is more boarder then the descriptive) and quantitative. All other types of research are the derivatives of the above two forms.

Let us have a look at other types of researches.

Analytical Research: It is a type of research in which a researcher analyses the facts and figures to arrive at a conclusion. This research is aimed at gathering information only.

Applied Research: It is a type of research in which a researcher analyses the facts and figures, and a given situation to provide an immediate solution to the problem.

it is basically a problem-solving approach.

Fundamental Research: It is a kind of research in which a researcher is aimed at adding new dimensions to the existing knowledge at the basic level of existing subject knowledge.

He focuses on the fundamental aspects of a subject or an issue and tries to add new dimensions or new knowledge to the subject.

Conceptual Research: It is a kind of research in which a researcher thinks about new ideas or thoughts, which are abstract in nature and needs a concrete process to establish or prove the ideas or thoughts.

Empirical Research: It is kind of research, in which a researcher tries to prove an observation or an idea in a systematic way so as to conclude weather the observation is true or false.


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